Learn about the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) process and DSCA’s role in facilitating the interagency process to provide U.S. defense articles and services to our allies and partners.
The 2020 DSCA Letter of Offer And Acceptance (LOA) Standardization Guide's purpose is to act as an administrative tool to standardize IA document development quality across the entire Security Cooperation Enterprise. All LOA document developers and reviews should use this tool when building their LOA documents in the Defense Security Assistance Management System (DSAMS).
The 2017 Transparency Handbook lays out milestones and tools which will enable us to better execute the Security Cooperation mission. Our ability to openly communicate will foster better understanding as we work to achieve common goals.
The Night Vision Device (NVD) Handbook provides detailed procedures for processing requests for NVDs. Policy guidance related to NVDs and Letters of Request requesting them will remain in the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM). Procedural guidance will be kept current in the NVD Handbook.
The purpose of this guide is to provide you, the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) customer, with a simplified overview of the process the United States (U.S.) uses to transfer defense articles and services from the U.S. to friendly foreign governments or to specific international organizations.
This summary reviews the process and procedures that currently apply to congressional consideration of foreign arms sales proposed by the President. This includes consideration of proposals to sell major defense equipment, defense articles and services, or the re-transfer to third party nations of such military items.
DSCA is responsible for developing, updating, and promulgating the Security Assistance Management Manual, the authoritative policy governing how the U.S. Government executes security cooperation and security assistance programs.
Section 656 of the Foreign Assistance Act (FAA) of 1961, as amended (22 U.S.C. § 2416), and Section 652 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 (Division J - Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 2008) (P.L. 110-161), requires that each year, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall jointly prepare and submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on all military training provided to foreign military personnel by the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of State during the previous fiscal year and all such training proposed for the current fiscal year.
Volume I of this report provides the operational benefits to U.S. forces for these training and education programs and engagement activities; a description of each type of activity; a summary of all training provided along with the foreign policy justification for each country; country activity training lists (excluding training purchased by foreign countries through the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Program and excluding training to North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member countries).
This database contains authorization and transfer data, but no information on potential offers not yet been notified to Congress. Prior to notification to Congress, the decision to provide EDA is not yet final and disclosure of potential offers is not possible.
The Historical Facts Book and the Fiscal Year Series are annual publications that are usually published by the end of the summer. With each edition, prior year's information is updated to reflect current data and to correct any erroneous information that may have been reported.
International military sales are on the rise. While the United States and European Union are cutting their defense expenditures, several countries—particularly in East Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and South America—are increasing expenditures. Hence, U.S. Contractors are increasingly seeking to sell products and services to these markets. There are two primary methods for doing so: government-to-government sales through the U.S. Government’s Foreign Military Sales (“FMS”) program and similar mechanisms, and Direct Commercial Sales (“DCS”) negotiated directly between the contractor and the foreign customer.
In 1984 the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) established guidelines for the processing and review of commercial contracts for direct purchase of U.S. defense articles and services from U.S. firms to be financed with funds appropriated by the Congress. Since that time the program has been downscoped. Purchasers (defined as the foreign countries eligible by U.S. law to establish Direct Commercial Contracts (DCCs) funded with Foreign Military Financing (FMF)) are encouraged to use the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) system for their acquisition needs.
The Foreign Military Sales Trust Fund Administrative Surcharge Account Handbook for the Security Cooperation Organization (SCO)
The Foreign Military Sales (FMS) Trust Fund Administrative Surcharge Account Handbook for the Security Cooperation Organizations (SCOs) is a guide to the SCO budget and financial management processes. It incorporates and supplements guidance contained in the DSCA 5105.38-M, Security Assistance Management Manual (published and available online as the e-SAMM) other Department of Defense (DoD), joint service, military department, and Geographic Combatant Command (GCCMD) references.
The Case Reconciliation and Case Closure Guide (RCG), which is incorporated into Appendix 7 of the Security Assistance Management Manual (SAMM), provides process and procedural guidance for the reconciliation and closure of Foreign Military Sales (FMS) and Building Partner Capacity cases.
The Military Articles & Services List (MASL) is a catalog of descriptive codes and text used to identify materiel and services available to be transferred to foreign governments and international organizations. The codes and text are used in myriad systems to identify what is being transferred and to track logistics and financial transactions (e.g., Letters of Offer and Acceptance (LOAs) documents, lease documents, bills sent to the customers, storage facility inventory lists, shipping documentation, surcharges) and perform diverse reporting.
The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) Contracting Process Roadmap is a web-enabled guide designed to benefit contracting personnel and their customers. The Roadmap houses process and regulatory guidance, tools in the form of templates and samples, and hyperlinks to additional information to promote consistency and standardization across the field, reduce variation, and open communication channels across DSCA.
The basic textbook employed by the Defense Institute of Security Cooperation Studies (DISCS - formerly DISAM) for instruction of all classes covering the full range of security cooperation activities. The text is revised annually and commonly referred to as the "Green Book" as it is bound in a green cover.