Institutional Capacity Building


Institutional Capacity Building (ICB) encompasses Security Cooperation (SC) activities that directly support partner nation efforts to improve security sector governance and core management competencies necessary to effectively and responsibly achieve shared security objectives.

Understanding a partner’s institutional capacity is critical to the development of a full-spectrum approach to Security Cooperation.  Full-Spectrum approach assists allies and partners by ensuring they have all that is necessary and sufficient to successfully perform a security role in support of shared objectives.

ICB assists allies and partners in examining and addressing broader, systemic factors essential to delivering what is needed (e.g., money, things, people, ideas, decisions) to: 

  1. Understand requirements, develop forces, and purchase or obtain the articles and services as required to develop, employ, and sustain required capabilities; 
  2. Successfully absorb and integrate fully developed capabilities into their existing security forces; 
  3. Effectively and responsibly employ those capabilities in the pursuit of common objectives between the U.S. and the ally or partner; and 
  4. Adequately staff, sustain, and maintain, those capabilities throughout their lifecycle and eventually retire them when appropriate. 


Title 10 U.S.C., Ch. 16, § 332


Country teams work through Geographic Combatant Commands (GCCs) to nominate proposals to the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the Joint Staff for approval; DSCA provides resourcing, executive oversight, program management, and execution through the following DoD Defense Institutional Capacity Building organizations and programs resourced by DSCA.


Annual Appropriation:
ISG—Defense Wide Operations and Maintenance and Title 22 funding
MoDA—Defense Wide Operations and Maintenance and Overseas Contingency Operations Fund
DIILS – Defense Wide Operations and Maintenance and Title 22 funding