FY2020 Security Cooperation Numbers

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December 4, 2020—DSCA Director Heidi Grant and R. Clarke Cooper, Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs, announced the Fiscal Year 2020 U.S. arms transfer figures, as well as other notable Defense and State Department accomplishments and statistics, highlighting the depth and breadth of U.S. security cooperation and security assistance efforts. Arms sales and defense trade are tangible implements of U.S. foreign policy with potential long-term implications for regional security. Over the last fiscal year, authorized arms exports (including both government-managed and commercial) rose by a total of 2.8 percent from $170.09 billion to $175.08 billion, strengthening U.S. Alliances and attracting new international partners, and adding thousands of jobs to the U.S. economy and sustaining many thousands more.

The U.S. arms transfers figures are as follows:

  • Foreign Military Sales (FMS) totaled $50.78 billion, raising the three-year rolling average to $54 billion. This comprised approximately:
    • $44.79 billion in arms sales under the FMS program funded by Allies and partners nations;
    • $3.30 billion under the Title 22 Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program; and
    • $2.69 billion under Title 10 Foreign Assistance Act or Building Partner Capacity (BPC) programs.
    • DSCA’s Historical Sales Book, a refreshed version of the previously-published DSCA Factbook, provides a full breakdown annual FMS by country. Click here to go to the DSCA Historical Sales Book section.
  • Direct Commercial Sales (DCS) totaled $124.3 billion.
  • Highlighting that Security Cooperation is much more than just arms transfers, Director Grant also highlighted a number of other FY20 Institutional Capacity Building accomplishments:
    • The United States trained over 31,000 foreign military students in Department of Defense schoolhouses.
    • DSCA’s component the Defense Institute of International Legal Studies conducted 11 CONUS events with 184 participants and 84 OCONUS events with 749 participants.
    • DSCA component the Institute for Security Governance conducted 214 advising activities as part of ongoing multi-year programs with 38 priority Allies and partner-nations and 17 education events with 401 international students from 70 countries.
    • DSCA’s Ministry of Defense Advisors Program deployed 55 advisors to 13 Ally and partner nations.
  • The Defense Security Cooperation University registered nearly 18,000 online courses completed by the Security Cooperation workforce.