Directorate of Strategy Plans and Programs (SPP)

The Strategy, Plans, and Programs Directorate is a catalyst and focal point for Security Cooperation strategic planning and administration and execution policy.

The Directorate of Strategy, Plans and Programs (SPP) facilitates security cooperation strategic planning across the Department of Defense and among our partners. SPP leads and coordinates efforts to develop and publish SC administration and execution policies to enable the U.S. to advance U.S. national security and foreign policy interests by building the capacity of foreign security forces to respond to shared challenges. SPP identifies trends, issues, and requirements to meet future challenges and serves as a catalyst continuous improvement.

SPP’s Mission is to:

  • FacilitateSC strategy and planning coordination among the DoD SC community and interagency partners

  • Enable and integrate SC program design consistent with SC planning best practices

  • Develop, publish, & adjudicate

  • Facilitate interagency collaboration for planning, program design, and implementation management

  • Facilitate and integrate security cooperation continuous improvement efforts

Our Vision of Success:

  • The DoD SC community and interagency partners understand DoD’s SC goals and better align SC activities toward common goals.

  • SC program design is consistent with SC planning best practices, taking into account political will, institutional capacity, and better decisions on operational capability solutions.

  • SC administration and execution policies support National Security and Foreign Policy objectives and DoD and interagency partners operate consistent with SC administration and execution policies.

  • Interagency and international partners understand DoD SC intent and plans and take actions to de-conflict activities and/or identify opportunities for complementary activities.

  • The SC community identifies opportunities for continuous improvement efforts and opportunities to coordinate.

SPP is a forward-looking organization comprised of the Planning and Program Design (PPD) and Strategic Planning and Integration (SPI) divisions.

Strategic Planning and Integration (SPI) Division:

SPI is comprised of three sections: Security Cooperation Execution and Administration Policy; Strategy Transformation, Implementation and Continuous Improvement; and, Global and Regional Strategy.

The Security Cooperation Execution and Administration Policy Team develops, interprets, and advises the SC Enterprise on security cooperation program development and execution policies. This includes execution of security assistance through the Foreign Military Sales process. Working closely with Department of State, across DoD, with Implementing Agencies (IAs), program offices, and industry, the Policy Team advises on the application of existing policy in support of program development and execution; as well as identifying challenges that require new policy, regulation or legislation. In addition to addressing the needs of U.S. SC Enterprise stakeholders, the Policy Team is also the focal point for strategic engagement and liaison with the Foreign Procurement Group (FPG).

The Strategy Transformation, Implementation and Continuous Improvement Team is works with DoD and Interagency stakeholders to facilitate alignment of security cooperation activity with the National Security Strategy, National Defense Strategy, Theater Strategy, and security partner nation security challenges. Using SC strategic frameworks and assessments, the team facilitates prioritization and policy development. Focused on security cooperation, especially Arms Transfer, this team leads the development of products that focus DoD and interagency activity and identify opportunities to improve the administration and execution of security cooperation.

Regional Strategists are embedded in DSCA’s Integrated Regional Teams (IRTs) where they collect data and analyze regional and country level plans to develop strategic frameworks to identify opportunities and risks to security cooperation strategy and plans and facilitate security cooperation decision-making. Regional Strategists refine and validate inputs to the FMS Forecast and the JAVITS report, represent the IRTs in State Department Security Sector Assistance (SSA) prioritization and adjudication forums, and work closely with SPP’s Planning and Program Design (PPD) Division.

Planning and Program Design (PPD) Division:

PPD is at the forefront of operationalizing strategic planning, taking the broad strategies of prioritized partner capability development from concept to program design. This program design is holistic, supporting the development of partner capabilities that are mission-focused and includes the supporting and governance capabilities necessary for partners to absorb, apply, and sustain operational capabilities. Strategic security cooperation planning is rooted in an overall view of interdependent program components across multiple funding sources, authorities, and service providers. Many PPD personnel are forward deployed at Global Combatant Commands (GCCs).

Assessment, Design, Monitoring & Evaluation (ADM&E)

DSCA facilitates a continuous learning process through Assessment, Design, Monitoring and Evaluation (ADM&E) frameworks which to allow rigorous, data-driven assessment of SC activity program effectiveness and efficiency.

SPP leads DSCA-wide program-level ADM&E across the Agency. SPP also facilitates DSCA support to DoD-wide efforts to Assess, Monitor, and Evaluate DoD security cooperation efforts at the strategic level.